Understanding Rosacea: Causes, Symptoms, and Management

Rosacea is a chronic inflammatory condition characterized by persistent facial redness. It manifests with characteristic clinical features such as telangiectasia (enlarged blood vessels), papules (small red bumps), pustules (pus-filled bumps), and sebaceous hyperplasia.


The exact cause of rosacea is not fully understood, but it is believed to involve dysfunction of vascular regulation, damage to the dermis due to sun exposure, genetic factors, stress, trigger foods, climate, alcohol consumption, exposure to wind, hot and humid environments (baths, saunas), vigorous exercise, mental stress and excitement, and compromised skin barrier.

Individuals with rosacea should avoid red wine, hot beverages, spicy foods, perfume usage, and excessive use of colored cosmetics.

In particular, ultraviolet (UV) radiation and compromised skin barrier are crucial risk factors. It is highly important to diligently apply broad-spectrum sunscreens and avoid actions that weaken the skin barrier. As mentioned in previous posts, activities like excessive face washing, facial scrubbing, and frequent use of sheet masks and massages should be avoided.

Finally, using skincare products that aid in restoring the skin barrier and seeking consultation with a dermatologist for prescribed medication during severe cases are necessary.

If left untreated, rosacea can lead to persistent inflammation in the dermis, prolonging the treatment period and causing significant damage to the skin itself. Therefore, it is crucial to regularly apply sunscreen, use products that help restore the skin barrier, and consider concurrent medication therapy during severe episodes.